Obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and insulin resistance are some of the hallmarks of metabolic syndrome. Although each of these conditions has its own influence on fertility, they have a cumulative effect when they coexist.
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The metabolic and reproductive systems are intimately linked.
Changes in metabolic function can be caused by reproductive disorders. Similarly, changes in reproductive function might be caused by metabolic disorders.
Adipose cells produce a hormone called Leptin, which regulates energy balance and is a key modulator of obesity-related inflammation. Obese individuals may develop a leptin resistance, resulting in elevated blood leptin levels. The stomach secretes a hormone called Ghrelin to regulate appetite. Ghrelin levels are shown to be lower in obese individuals. Excess adipose tissue is shown to increase production of pro-inflammatory cytokines which may lead to increased oxidative stress that affects fertility.
Maintaining healthy blood glucose levels is vital for the body’s physiological functions as glucose is the primary energy source for cells.
Metabolic syndrome is associated with elevated blood glucose levels and insulin resistance. Insulin is a hormone the pancreas produces to regulate the amount of glucose that circulates in the body. It signals our cells to take in glucose from the bloodstream, effectively lowering levels back to normal
In an insulin resistant individual, the body’s cells do not respond to insulin, which leaves high levels of circulating glucose and causes cells to become energy deficient. Metabolic processes take priority over fertility in a nutritionally deficient environment, so egg production may be restricted. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a metabolic condition that can affect fertility as well. High blood pressure can cause structural harm to arteries which reduces blood flow.
A fundamental component of overall and fertility health is adopting a healthy lifestyle, marked by adequate nutrition and consistent exercise. Both are critical for restoring metabolic and fertility health and may support healthy egg and sperm quality and quantity.
Our Functional Wellness specialists at Lisanne Wellness Center are here to support your metabolic and fertility needs. We work with patients to develop a plan that helps restore health to optimal function to better support fertility.
Schedule a consultation with one of our Wellness Specialists at Lisanne Wellness Center.